Exciting Facts, Nutrition, and Health Benefits of Watermelon Guava |

In this article, we are going to discuss in detail facts, health benefits, and planting of watermelon guava.

Watermelon guavas, botanically known as Psidium guajava, are a pink guava cultivar from the Myrtaceae family. The pink guava is a delightful fruit that boasts firm flesh and a mildly tangy taste, with a sweet and flowery strawberry-like flavor. Its unique flavor profile sets it apart from other guava varieties and makes it a standout choice for fruit lovers.

Watermelon Guava

Everyone knows that watermelon guava can keep you cool on a hot day. Still, this healthy fruit may also help you control diabetes and combat free radicals, which can make your body prone to chronic illnesses. It can also help you avoid the dangers of developing heart disease and asthma attacks and assist in weight loss. This nutritious fruit includes 45 calories, vitamin C, and vitamin A, all of which can help you stay healthy. The best aspect about watermelon guava is that it keeps you hydrated because it contains 92% water, which will help you control your hunger and give you a sensation of fullness.

Watermelon Guava Physical Features:

Physical characteristics and cultivation

The common watermelon Guava has quadrangular branchlets, oval to oblong leaves that measure 7.6 cm (3 inches), and four-petaled white blossoms that measure 2.5 cm (1 inch) wide. The fruits are round to pear-shaped, with a diameter of up to 7.6 cm; the pulp includes numerous little hard seeds (which are more abundant in wild forms than in cultivated kinds). The fruit’s skin is yellow, while the flesh is white, yellow, or pink. The musky, at times unpleasant, scent of the beautiful pulp is only sometimes recognized.

Seeds are often used for propagation, although better varieties must be maintained through plant components. The plant’s stiff, dry wood and thin bark preclude cutting and traditional grafting procedures. However, veneer grafting produces good results when young plants in robust development are used as rootstocks. While the plant thrives in tropical regions and is commonly found growing in semi-wild form, it cannot withstand frost and is not frost-resistant. Although it can be efficiently cultivated in the southern part of Florida, in some areas, it has become bothersome due to its abundance.

Watermelon Guava Plantation

South Africa was the first to discover watermelon guava. It is a common cucurbitaceous vegetable in India. It is an excellent dessert fruit since its juice contains 92% water, proteins, minerals, and carbohydrates. Cubic watermelons are popular in Japan; they are grown in glass boxes and have a cubic shape. Watermelon grows best on soil that is deep, rich, and well-drained. When planted in sandy or sandy loam soil, it thrives. Watermelon cultivation is only appropriate for soils with good drainage. Crop rotation is essential because farming the same crop on the same land for an extended length of time results in nutrient loss, low yield, and increased disease assault. The soil’s pH should be between 6-7.

Popular Varieties Based on Yield

Shipper Enhancement: PAU in Ludhiana created it. Fruits are enormous, with dark green skin. These are pretty sweet, with TSS ranging from 8 to 9%. The average yield per acre is 70-80 ft. PAU, Ludhiana, developed Special No.1. Fruits are spherical and modest in size, with crimson flesh. These are types that mature early. TSS is less than that of Improved Shipper.

Land Preparation

Plow the earth to a lovely tilt. Sowing occurs in North India during February and March. From November through January, sowing occurs in North East and West India. Watermelons can be sown directly or transplanted in a nursery before planting.

Watermelon guava planting and propagation methods:

Watermelon Guava seedlings germinate in around three weeks. For this reason, freshly extracted seeds from completely grown fruits should be utilized. Plants can be grown in a nursery or in plastic bags. After being extracted from fruits, seed viability rapidly diminishes.

Because of the hard coat of the seeds, it is required to pour boiling water on them and soak them in water for two weeks before sowing or to treat them with sulfuric solid acid for five minutes to encourage germination. However, growing watermelon guava plants from seed is not recommended since seedling trees differ substantially from mother plants. Watermelon Guava thrives in hot and humid climates, typically from April to June.

During this period, relative humidity typically ranges between 69.0 and 80.0 percent, making it the ideal time for cultivation. A sprout from the previous year’s 1 cm diameter growth is used for air layering. The area is covered with wet sphagnum moss and fastened with polyethylene film. After 30–40 days, the roots appear. Air layering is a technique for reproducing new trees and shrubs while preserving the original plant. The stem is coated with moist moss to promote root formation.

Watermelon Guava Facts:

Description/Taste

Watermelon guavas are round to pear-shaped fruits that measure 5 to 7 cm in diameter. The semi-rough skin is green, leathery, and somewhat bumpy, while the red-pink flesh beneath the thin skin is substantial and crisp. The flesh is also known for having a firm, granular, and crunchy apple-like regularity, with numerous small, complex, and edible yellow seeds covering it. Watermelon guavas feature a lovely strawberry scent and a floral, delightful, and sweet melon and berry flavor.

Watermelon Guava Facts

Seasons/Availability

Watermelon guavas are available in tropical places worldwide from summer to early winter. Some locations may be able to produce fruit all year, depending on the temperature and location.

Current Information

The sweet, mildly tangy fruits are firmer in texture than other pink guava kinds and have a flowery strawberry flavor. Watermelon guavas are a specialty cultivar that is not often farmed commercially. Despite its scarcity, the type may be obtained in Taiwan, Florida, and the Caribbean through tiny fruit farmers and is famous for fresh eating and processing.

Ethnic/Cultural Information

Guava jelly manufacturing in Florida was formerly renowned as one of the state’s thriving industries and a staple item in family kitchens. Many of the guava kinds present in Florida were brought from Cuba, and the tropical trees spread like wildfire throughout backyards, municipal parks, and highway medians. In the early twentieth century, with an abundance of fresh fruits, producers created guava jelly as a long-lasting, tropical keepsake for travelers.

In addition, watermelon Guava jelly became popular among residents, who spread it over toast, atop pastries, and ice cream. Historians estimate that over two dozen guava jelly enterprises competed for business in Florida during the twentieth century. Today, the Florida watermelon guava jelly industry has steadily faded, leaving the sweet-tart condiment to be obtained at farmer’s markets, small businesses, and home chefs.

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Applications

Watermelon guavas work well in raw and cooked applications, such as boiling. When the fruits are fresh, they can be eaten like an apple with the skin on or split into quarters and dusted with sugar or salt for extra flavor. It may also be blended into smoothies, juiced and incorporated into fruit punches, or swirled into cocktails. Watermelon guavas can be prepared into sauces and served over roasted meats, cooked into jellies, jams, and syrups, used to flavor cakes, muffins, danishes, and ice cream, or dried and steeped as a tea, in addition to fresh uses.

The sweet-tart fruits can also be preserved and stored for later use. Watermelon guavas work nicely with poultry, beef and pork, shrimp, garlic, ginger, strawberries, coconuts, bananas, mangos and pineapples, and manchego, goat, and feta cheeses. Whole Watermelon guavas can be kept at room temperature for 1–3 days or refrigerated for 7–15 days. It is ideal to consume the fruit as soon as it is ripe for the optimum texture and flavor.

Watermelon Guava Nutritional Advantages:

Watermelon guava is a hydrating, micronutrient-rich fruit that is high in vitamins and low in calories. One cup (150 g) of watermelon guava has at least 0.6 g of fiber and 11.5 g of carbs, 9 g of which are sugars. Although not a high-protein food, watermelon improves a protein-rich diet by providing roughly 1 gram of protein in each 1-cup dose. Watermelon guava’s vitamin content is where its health advantages come, with 5% and 14% of the daily need for vitamins A and C, respectively. It also has 4% of the daily required potassium and magnesium intake.

Keeps you hydrated

Because this healthful fruit is 92% water, you are ingesting fewer calories while eating more. This fruit can prevent dehydration. Therefore, you should include it in your weight reduction diet. Staying hydrated is beneficial to your cardiovascular health and helps reduce mouth dryness. Keeping hydrated will keep your body cool throughout the hot summer months. In addition, it will cleanse your body and preserve your skin in good condition. So, you must eat one cup of watermelon daily, and you’ll be OK.

Benefits of Guava Seeds for Humans

Health Benefits of Watermelon Guava

Aids in blood sugar management

 This juicy fruit aids in converting L-citrulline (amino acid) into L-arginine (amino acid) by your kidneys. These two amino acids have been shown to protect against diabetes. Watermelon contains L-arginine, which is essential for the body’s regulation of glucose metabolism and insulin.

Weight loss aid

If you’re wondering how to lose weight naturally, remember to include this nutritious fruit in your diet. Because this fruit is mainly water, it provides you with a sensation of fullness, which will keep you from nibbling on your favorite foods. So, to lose weight, you should include this luscious fruit in your weight reduction diet.

Health Benefits of Watermelon Guava

Aids in preventing cardiovascular disease

Lycopene is a chemical in watermelon that gives the fruit its Ruby color. Lycopene, on the other hand, can lower cholesterol, lowering your chance of getting heart disease. All you have to do is eat one cup of watermelon every day to get the job done.

Reduces Asthma Severity

Watermelon guava contains vitamin C, which is responsible for lessening the effects of asthma, which means that you might be treating some of the severe consequences of asthma with only one cup of watermelon daily. Furthermore, asthmatics with low vitamin C levels tend to have more asthmatic symptoms. Thus, watermelon is an excellent choice if you suffer from this ailment. Watermelon has around 40% vitamin C, which is beneficial to asthmatics.

Kidney Disorders May Be Relieved

Like many fruits and vegetables, watermelons contain a lot of potassium, which is known to help flush away harmful depositions in the kidney. Furthermore, they have been shown to lower the concentration of uric acid in the blood, which may lessen the risk of kidney injury and the formation of renal calculi.

Watermelon guava can also cause urine, which is beneficial for clearing the kidneys due to its high water content. Furthermore, the antioxidants in watermelon may help maintain kidney function for a long time while reducing indicators of premature aging, such as wrinkles and age spots on the skin. However, if you already have a renal illness, avoid eating watermelon since the high water and potassium levels may cause more harm than benefit.

Blood Pressure Control

According to research published in the American Journal of Hypertension [6], watermelon guava extract can significantly decrease blood pressure in obese patients with hypertension. Furthermore, the potassium and magnesium levels in watermelons may be beneficial in terms of blood pressure reduction. Potassium is a vasodilator, which may relax blood vessels and arteries, improving blood flow and reducing stress on the cardiovascular system.

Carotenoids contained in these fruits and others high in carotenoid content, such as watermelon Guava, may also aid in preventing arterial wall and vein hardening, lower blood pressure, and minimizing the risk of blood clots, strokes, heart attacks, and atherosclerosis.

Watermelon Guava Tree Care Tips for Guava Tree Growth

Guava trees, whether produced from seed or cuttings, can be planted outdoors (if your climate permits) or moved into large pots to be cultivated in greenhouses or conservatories.

Growing Situations

Guava trees thrive in locations with whole light and sandy, acidic soil most of the day. This soil will aid in removing excess water, preventing root rot, and helping your guava tree to thrive.

Temperature

Because guava trees are tropical plants, they do not tolerate cold temperatures. Suppose you plant in a more temperate climate. In that case, your tree will benefit from extra insulation during the cooler months. Wrap horticultural fleece around your tree and pack straw inside for extra warmth. Guava trees planted in pots are easier to care for since they can be taken indoors when the season changes.

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Pruning

Guava trees must be pruned since they may grow quite tall, making them unmanageable in all but the most extensive gardens. Tall branches can also impede sunlight from reaching the tree; restricting fruiting and pruning your plant once a year is a simple and easy technique to maintain it in good shape and maximize fruiting.

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